math
posted by Tara .
Consider a simple game in which you will roll a sixsided die and receive $3.00 if you roll a 6. If it costs you $0.90 for each roll, what is the expected value?

You gain $3 if you get a 6, and always pay $0.90.
E[X] = (1/6)*3  $0.90 
prob of rolling a 6 = 5/36
( ways to get a 6 : [5,1 ; 4,2 ; 3,3 ; 2,4 ; 1,5 ] )
expected value = $3.00(5/36) = .41666 or 42 cents
Would you pay 90 cents for a game that has an expected value of 42 cents?