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March 25, 2017

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Cone Problem Beginning with a circular piece of paper with a 4- inch radius, as shown in (a), cut out a sector with an arc of length x. Join the two radial edges of the remaining portion of the paper to form a cone with radius r and height h, as shown in (b). What length of arc will produce a cone with a volume greater than 21 in.3?

  • PreCalculus - ,

    The key thing is to see that the radius of 4 inches of the original circle shows up as the slant height of the cone.
    let the height of the cone be h, and the radius of its base be r
    r^2 + h^2 = 16, r^2 = 16-h^2

    V = (1/3)πr^2 h
    = (1/3)π(16-h^2)h
    = 16πh/3 - πh^3/3

    16πh/3 - πh^3/3 > 21
    divide by -π/3

    h^3 - 16h + 20.05 < 0

    let's consider the equation
    h^3 - 16h + 20.05 = 0
    using my trusty cubic equation solver
    http://www.1728.com/cubic.htm
    I got h = -4.5, h = 3.08 and h = 1.44
    looking at the graph of
    h^3 - 16h + 20.05 < 0
    I saw that it was negative for 1.44 < h < 3.08
    so r has to be 2.55 < r < 3.73

    Since the circumference of the base of the cone is the arc-length x as defined in your question
    sub in the values of r into 2πr

    if r = 2.55, x = 16.022
    if r = 3.73, x = 23.44

    check my arithmetic

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