Posted by ashely on Thursday, December 9, 2010 at 3:24am.
Since 3.14 is an approximation to π,
I suppose you mean finding the exact value of cos(π/8).
Use the half angle formulae:
cos²(x/2)=(1+cos(x))/2...(1)
sin²(x/2)=(1-cos(x))/2...(2)
The second formula is not required for this problem, but I suggest you memorize both of them, because they will be very useful in your academic life.
Start from known values,
cos(π/2)=0
cos²(π/4)=(1+0)/2
cos(π/4)=(√2)/2
Apply the formula one more time to get cos(π/8):
cos²(π/8)=(1+(√2)/2))/2
cos(π/8)=√(2+√2)/2
Okay, I understand how to get pi/8 but how do you figure pi/7 and how do you figure cos(10degrees) when you can use the sum and difference method of angles? Please help it is driving me crazy, and I have finals coming up. Need to get this down. Can I do the method about using pi/3 and pi/4 in the half angle formulas to find exact value of cos and sin of (pi/7)? I am so confused.