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A rocket moves upward, starting from rest with an acceleration of 28.8 m/s2 for 4.13 s. It runs out of fuel at the end of the 4.13 s but does not stop. How high does it rise above the ground?

  • physics -

    Acceleration?

    Thrust=mass*a

    But thrust*distancefiring=energy put into the rocket. How high?

    energy put into rocket=mgh
    solve for h.

    now distance firing: d=1/2 a t^2

  • physics -

    Compute the distance that it rises while thrusting for time t. Call it X1
    X1 = (1/2) a t^2

    Also compute the velocity when acceleration stops. Call it Vmax.
    Vmax = a t

    Compute how much farther the rocket travels up until the maximum height (and zero velocity) is reached. Call that X2.

    Maximum height is reached after additional time interval
    t' = Vmax.g

    X2 = Vmax*t' - (g/2)t'^2

    The answer is X1 + X2.

  • physics -

    Liftoff to burnout in 4.13 sec.
    Burnout velocity Vbo = 28.8(4.13) = 123.84m/s.
    Burnout altitude h1 = at^2/2 - gt^2/2 = 19(4.13)^2/2 = 162m.
    From Vbo to V = 0, Vf = Vbo - gt = 0 = 123.84 - 9.8t or t = 12.636 sec.
    From Vbo to V = 0, h2 = 123.84(12.636) - 9.8(12.636)^2/2 = 782m.

    Total height H = h1 + h2.

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