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Calculate the osmolarity of a solution that contains 0.1 M urea, 0.2 M NaCl, and 0.5 M CaCl2. Assume urea does not ionize and NaCl and CaCl2 ionize completely

  • Physiology - ,

    Osmolarity measures the number of particles in a solution. For ionized compounds, each ion counts as one.
    For example,
    NaCl=Na+ + Cl- counts as 2 particles

    So the total osmolarity
    =0.1*1 + 0.2*2 + 0.5*3
    =2 osm/l.

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