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March 27, 2017

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A 0.20 M sodium chlorobenzoate (NaC7H4ClO2) solution has a pH of 8.65. Calculate the pH of a 0.19 M chlorobenzoic acid (HC7H4ClO2) solution.

  • chemistry - ,

    If we call the compound HBz, then the salt is NaBz. The first part of the problem is a hydrolysis problem. The Bz part hydrolyzes according to the following equation.
    Bz^- + HOH ==> HBz + OH^-

    Kb = (Kw/Ka) = (HBz)(OH^-)/(HBz)
    I would use the 8.65 pH, convert to pOH, and convert that to OH^- which will be equal to HBz. Substitute into the hydrolysis equation above and solve for the only unknown, Ka.

    Then HBz, the acid. ==> H^+ + Bz^-

    Ka = (H^+)(Bz^-)/(HBz)
    Set up an ICE chart for the acid, and solve for (H^+), then convert to pH.
    Post your work if you get stuck.

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