Posted by Lindsay on .
Draw the condensed structural formula for the products of the acid hydrolysis of the following amide with HCl:
CH3-CH2-C(=O)-NH2 + H2O + HCl --->
I'm afraid I don't even know where to begin with this one, help!
Alright, to begin with, since this is an organic compound, we identify the functional group. [-C(=O)-NH- means its an amide]
So when you hydrolyse an amide, you are breaking the (amide) bond between C=O and N-H, and you add water because its a hydrolysis (OH- goes to the C=O, H+ goes to the N-H)
Hence, you get CH3-CH2-C(=O)OH + NH3.
Now, since the medium is acidic, and NH3 is basic, they will react to produce NH4+.
So you get CH3-CH2-C(=O)-NH2 + H2O + HCl --> CH3-CH2-C(=O)OH + NH4+Cl- [Check that the equation is balanced --> The Cl- goes to NH4+ to balance the equation.]
Hope I helped! (:
Thanks a lot, J!
I believe amides hydrolyze to the acid and NH3
CH3CH2COOH + NH3