Tuesday

March 31, 2015

March 31, 2015

Posted by **Alicia** on Thursday, November 18, 2010 at 8:39am.

cost per square meter metal for ides $30.00

combined costs of concrete base and metal bottom $37.50(cost per square meter)

top 7.50 (cost per square meter)

The tank is to be constructed with dimensions such that the cost is minimum for whatever capacity is selected.

a) One possible approach to selecting the capacity is to build the tank large enough for an additional cubic meter of capacity to cost $8.(note that this does not mean $8 per cubic meter average for the entire tank.) what is the optimal diameter and optimal height of the tank?

- math-optimal diameterand height -
**Reiny**, Thursday, November 18, 2010 at 9:28amThe last part of the question confuses me, I will solve the question in the traditional way

Let the radius be r m, the height be h m and the volume be V m^3, where V is a constant

We know V = πr^2h

h = V/(πr^2)

Cost = 7.5(top area) + 37.5(bottom area) + 30(side area)

= 7.5πr^2 + 37.5πr^2 + 30(2πr)(h)

= 45πr^2 + 60V/r

d(Cost)/dr = 90πr - 60V/r^2 = 0 for a min of Cost

90πr = 60V/r^2

r^3 = 2(πr^2h)/(3π)

3r = 2h

The ration of radius to height has to be 2 : 3

I will let you deal with the weird condition at the end.

- math-optimal diameterand height -
**Reiny**, Thursday, November 18, 2010 at 9:33amAfter doing a "search" for your question, I noticed that

MathMate had answered the same question in a much more detailed way.

http://www.jiskha.com/display.cgi?id=1289839685

**Answer this Question**

**Related Questions**

lagrange multipliers - A cylindrical oil-storage tank is to be constructed for ...

the lagrange multiplier equation - A cylindrical oil-storage tank is to be ...

Calculus - A box is constructed out of two different types of metal. The metal ...

calculus - A box is constructed out of two different types of metal. The metal ...

calculus - A tank with a rectangular base and rectangular sides is to be open at...

calculus - A box is contructed out of two different types of metal. The metal ...

calculus - A cylindrical metal can with an open top is to be constructed. the ...

Calculus AB/AP - A tank with a rectangular base and rectangular sides is to be ...

maths - A storage tank is in the shape of a right circular cylinder that has a ...

Calculus - A right cicular cylindrical can is to be constructed to have a volume...