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Chemistry

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In the study of biochemical processes, a common buffering agent is the weak base trishydroxymethylaminomethane, often abbreviated as Tris. At 25 C, Tris has a pKb of 5.91.
The hydrochloride can be abbreviated as Tris HCl.

What volume of 10.0 M NaOH is needed to prepare a buffer with a pH of 7.79 using 31.52 g of Tris HCl?

I found this answer to be 6.6755 mL


This is what I can't figure out:

The buffer from Part A is diluted to 1.00L . To half of it (500 mL ), you add 0.0250 mol of hydrogen ions without changing the volume. What is the pH of the final solution?

  • Chemistry -

    I don't believe your answer to the first part is correct.
    pKa = 14-pKb = 8.09
    7.79 = 8.09 + log[(base)/(acid)]
    B/A = 0.501 or
    base = 0.501*acid
    If acid is 31.52 g then we start with 31.52/157.6 (check my molar mass) = 0.2 mole acid; therefore,
    base = 0.2 mole x (0.501) = 0.1 mole for base.
    With 10 M NaOH, we have M = moles/L
    10M = 0.1/L or L = 0.1/10 = 0.01 L = 10 mL of the 10 M NaOH (and not the 6.6755 you calculated but check me out on that).

    For part B, I would do it this way.
    Diluting to 1.00 L and take 1/2 that means we have 0.05 moles acid and 0.05 mole base.
    ..........TRIS.HCl ==> B... +... H^+
    initial:...0.05 mole....0.05 mole....0
    add........0.............0......0.0250
    change......+0.025....-0.025....-0.0250
    final..... 0.075.......0.025.....0

    Then use the HH equation to calculate the final pH. I get
    pH = 8.09 + log(0.0250/0.0750) = 7.61
    Check my work carefully.

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