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November 20, 2014

November 20, 2014

Posted by **hannah** on Wednesday, November 10, 2010 at 4:18pm.

chem - hannah,

A salt crystal has a mass of 0.40 mg. How many NaCl formula units does it contain?

chem - DrBob222,

moles = grams/molar mass

Substitute "number formula units" for moles. Substitute "mass formula unit" for molar mass. Solve for moles.

0.04/about 58.5 or so. You do it more precisely.

chem - hannah,

so do i have to convert .4 mg to grams first? that would be .0004 right?

so then i just divide .004/58.44 and that will be my answer?

chem - DrBob222,

Yes, and I notice I didn't see the decimal point.

0.4 mg = 0.0004 grams and that divided by 58.44 = ?? formula units.

chem - hannah,

so it would be .000006845 formula units?

- chem -
**DrBob222**, Wednesday, November 10, 2010 at 4:48pmYes, although if your prof is a stickler for significant figures, you can't get away with that. 0.4 has only one s.f.; therefore, you are allowed only one in the answer so you round that 6.845E-6 to 7E-6 formula units for the answer.

- chem -
**hannah**, Wednesday, November 10, 2010 at 4:53pmI used that answer and it was wrong.

we have a practice version : the question was

A salt crystal has a mass of 0.18 mg. How many NaCl formula units does it contain?

and the answer was 1.9e+18 formula units. so wouldn't the answer for my question be in the positive exponents?

- chem -
**DrBob222**, Wednesday, November 10, 2010 at 9:12pmYes, it should and I goofed. I guess I just don't know what a formula unit is. I work in moles and molecules. Apparently this problem is asking for the number of molecules. Here is how you do the practice problem, followed by the other problem.

0.18 mg = 0.00018 grams but in one step we get, 0.18 mg x (1 g/1000 mg) x (1 mole/58.44 g) x (6.02 x 10^23 molecules/mole) = 1.85 x 10^18 molecules (formula units) which I would round to 1.8E18 molecules but your prof rounded to 1.9E18. My rule on rounding is to round to the even number but follow your prof's rules.

The other problem is done exactly the same way.

0.4mg*(1 g/1000 mg) x (1 mole/58.44 g)x (6.02 x 10^23 molecules/mole) = ??

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