4. If you have a good English class, with the difference between direct and indirect object pronouns, this will be easy to tell. Ask yourself the question:
What does Paula tell? The answer = the truth, gives you the DIRECT OBJECT.
Now, ask yourself the question: "TO WHOM?" TO US, gives you the indirect-object pronoun.
Actually you are now working with 3 types of ponouns. The direct-object (English = me, you, him, her, it, us, them, yo-all) plus the indirect-object pronoun. *****one of these words will either be stated or UNDERSTOOD, as in #4. TO, FOR, AT, FROM (me, you, him, her, it, us, them, you-all)
Is there any difference in the Spanish? Have a close look:
Direct Object = me, te, lo, la, nos, los, las
Indirect Object = me, te, le, nos, les
If you have gotten to double object pronouns in a sentence, the direct object goes directly in front of the conjugated verb (except in affirmative commands) and the indirect-object pronoun in front of it. Here is the word order: subject + indirect object + direct object + conjugated verb, as in:
Ella me lo da. = She to me it gives (literally)( but translated: She gives it to me.
IF the indirect-object pronoun is le or les and is followed by an "l" direct object (lo, la, los, las), it CHANGES to "se." Yo le doy la pluma. Yo se la doy.
Confused yet? Take one step at a time, because now we are adding the prepositional pronoun. That means the pronoun follows "de" (usually), a, por, para, etc. There is a list of prepositions but you don't need that now.
Back to number 4. "nos" is the indirect-object pronoun. If you don't see why, go back to the beginning of all this explanation.
#8. I have no idea why this is even there. It is NOT a model/example of what you are to do. Yo lo veo = I see you (or him, it = masculine singular noun) What you have in parentheses (I can see that = Yo puedo ver eso.) NOTHING matches with what you have.
Study the example again. This is what you are to do. YOU SEE: a mí, you WRITE me
a ti = te
a él/ella/usted = le
a nosotros/nosotras = nos
a ellos/ellas/ustedes = les
14. Yo le doy el libro (a Ana clarifies the "le" since it could be to her, to him, to you WITHOUT SPELLING IT OUT, as a Ana has to be "to her."
15. Look at the insntructions again = an indirect object pronoun in front of the conjuaged verb. You don't even supply one. What is the correct answer?
Sara LE manda la carta a Olivia.
16. Notice that most of the sentence stays the same as the basic sentence. You are only adding the indirect object.
Tú me regalas el perro a mí.
18. I have no idea at all! I COULD goess: Mario talks to him a lot? = Mario le habla mucho a él. (but that is purely a guess)
19. PROBABLY it's "to those 2 places" if you are to do the same thing as above.
Nosotros les conducimos a Alemania y al Brasil. (the correct Spanish for Brazil is "el Brasil.")
Again, you'd best be asking lots of questions!