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March 26, 2017

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i already posted this question, but im still confused on it.

Dinitrogentetraoxide partially decomposes according to the following equilibrium:

N2O4 (g) -> 2NO2 (g)
<-

A 1.00-L flask is charged with 0.400 mol of N2O4. At equilibrium at 373 K, 0.0055 mol ofN2O4
remains. Keq for this reaction is ?.

so my steps:

N2O4 (g) -> 2NO2 (g)
Initial conc. 0.400 mol 0 mole (no reaction yet)
Change -0.3945 mol + 2 x 0.3945 mole (based on equation above)
Equilibrium 0.400-0.3945 mol 0.7890 mole
0.0055 mol 0.7890

Keq = [NO2]2/[N2O4]

Keq = (0.789)^2/(0.0055) =113

but my book says the answer is 0.87?

  • chemistry - ,

    I think the book answer must be wrong. I used 113.2 as Keq and started with 0.4 M N2O4 and zero NO2 and solved backwards. x came out to be 0.3945M which makes equilibrium concn N2O4 = 0.0055 which was our starting number in the problem.
    If I use 0.87 as Keq, the quadratic has a solution which working backwards gives x = 0.2056 so (N2O4) at equilibrium = 0.1944 (not 0.0055). The values of 0.2056 for (N2O4) and 0.411 = (NO2) gives Keq = 0.87; however, the problem gives (N2O4) at equilibrium of 0.0055 M and not 0.2056M.
    I don't believe 0.87 is correct.

  • chemistry - ,

    yes, ive asked multiple people and they've all told me the same thing. i'll study the question the way you said, i have a test next week and i wanted to know how to solve problems like this,

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