May 22, 2015

Homework Help: Psychology ; the mind at work

Posted by mallory on Thursday, October 21, 2010 at 2:54am.

1. If you look at a photograph for a short time and then look away
from it, your trace memory of the image will
A. generally fade away in about a second.
B. typically form a lasting memory.
C. generally last about as long as the time you looked
at the photo.
D. typically be held in a sensory register for as long as
you think about it.

2. Which one of the following best illustrates a primary reinforcer?
A. The sight of a chocolate meringue pie
B. A warm smile from your boss
C. Money
D. Water when you’re thirsty

3. In Freud’s model of awareness, the _______ level is illustrated by the ability to bring words
to mind as you need them.
A. semiconscious C. conscious
B. preconscious D. unconscious

4. Simon is familiar with the way in which his old company has organized the human
resources department. When he moves to a new company, he applies the same
principles. Simon is probably acting in terms of a/an _______ heuristic.
A. anchoring C. framing
B. adjustment D. representativeness

5. In a classical conditioning experiment, you ring a bell but no longer provide dinner to your
subject, a beagle. At last, the CS no longer evokes the CR. Therefore, you’ve accomplished
A. generalization. C. extinction.
B. acquisition. D. recovery.

6. If you’re shaky about your knowledge of English grammar, you would be pleased to discover
that your upcoming test contains all multiple-choice questions.Why would this please you?
A. Recognition is the easiest way to recall something.
B. Relearning is usually more effective than initial learning.
C. Seeing material in context allows you to employ short-term memory.
D. You’re less likely to be affected by retroactive interference.

7. Suppose you’re using an operant conditioning approach to teach someone how to use a
bow and arrow.You begin by teaching your student how to hold a longbow. Then you show
him how to maintain balance while holding the bow. Finally, you show him how to aim and
properly release the arrow toward a target at the correct moment. This operant conditioning
approach is called
A. approximation. C. partial reinforcement.
B. shaping. D. programmed learning.

8. Which one of the following depressants is an opioid?
A. Heroin C. Morphine
B. Methadone D. Methalqualone

9. How do group IQ tests administered to students create a self-fulfilling prophecy?
A. Students grouped by ability tend to decide they are either dumb or bright.
B. Students with high scores tend to feel they are superior to other students.
C. Students with low scores work harder while students with high scores don’t.
D. Students grouped by ability tend to feel that teachers are cruel and unfair.

10. If you’re an adherent of Freudian psychology, you maintain that dreams may represent
A. the equivalent of an off-line computer clearing its circuits.
B. concerns that trouble people during waking hours.
C. novel stimuli that trigger the deep unconscious.
D. unfulfilled wishes.

11. By comparison with the Stanford-Binet IQ measure, an advantage of the Wechsler Scales
is that they
A. have never been associated with the concept of mental age.
B. accentuate the importance of reasoning over performance.
C. provide an advantage to people who don’t rely mainly on verbal skills.
D. are easier to administer to people with minimal intellectual skills.

12. Which one of the following statements best represents an algorithm?
A. If the present assembly line will take care of building the chassis, we will buy parts for
the upgraded model.
B. Since most people are either “Doves” or “Pigeons,” being nice to them gets their
C. Since plan A has worked in the past, I say we go with plan A.
D. If your customer says “yes” to the first question, go to question 4; if he or she says “No,”
go to question 5.

13. In your senior year at Jackson High, Coach Brown asks you to go to the equipment room
and pick up a package to take to the main office.You’ve never been on a high school sports
team, but you manage to locate the equipment room and pick up the package as requested.
According to cognitive learning theory, you are benefiting from _______ learning.
A. conscious C. latent
B. tacit D. observant

14. Which one of the following statements best illustrates implicit memory?
A. At age 40, after 15 years, George got on his old bike and found he could still ride it
without falling on his face.
B. Grace had heard the story about how, when she was three, she blew out the candles
on the cake many times. In fact, she wasn’t sure whether she remembered the incident
or just imagined she did.
C. Maxwell pondered that time, so long ago, when President Roosevelt spoke on the family
D. Gina searched her memory and explained that if you know two angles of a triangle, you
also know the third, since 180 degrees minus the sum of the two angles gives you the

15. When Mary is late coming home from work, John decides that it’s because she has lost
interest in their relationship. This situation illustrates the _______ effect.
A. framing C. 20-20 hindsight
B. anchoring D. context perception

16. Martha studies all the kinds of leaves she can find in order to understand what leaves have
in common. Martha’s research is employing _______ reasoning.
A. deductive C. 20-20 hindsight
B. syllogistic D. inductive

17. According to Robert Sternberg’s theory of multiple intelligences, practical intelligence is
associated with
A. mechanical ability. C. inductive reasoning.
B. street smarts. D. people skills.

18. Suppose you’re watching your favorite soap opera. After one of the main characters is
thrown from a galloping horse, she suffers from amnesia. What type of amnesia is she
most likely experiencing?
A. Repressive C. Anterograde
B. Retrograde D. Regressive

19. If you’re interested in raising a creative child, you would be wise to
A. be emphatic about correcting their thinking errors.
B. encourage independent thinking.
C. provide him or her with a lot of critical attention.
D. discourage all but supervised play.

20. Which one of the following examples best represents divergent thinking?
A. Having studied a problem for a long time, you take a nap. On waking, you discover you
can solve the problem if you gather more information.
B. Assembling all your research data, you draw the most reasonable conclusion from a
variety of sources.
C. Considering the shape of two bowls, you recognize that a bowl can be a lid as well as a
D. Observing the behavior of chipmunks for several years, you come to the conclusion that
chipmunks have some kind of intelligence.

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