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March 25, 2017

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Is a bent tetraheydral the only shape that doesn't have a precise angle (as in it's less than 109.5 degrees)?

  • VESPR theory - ,

    I don't think so although I'm not exactly sure what you mean by a bent tetrahedral. Other shapes have different angles, of course; however, those are not exact either if there are unpaired electrons in some of the unfilled positions.

  • VESPR theory - ,

    By the way, I think you meant
    VSEPR, not VESPR

  • VESPR theory - ,

    On one of my pages of notes, it lists all the different shapes and the bond angles that go along with them. Next to bent (2 lone pairs, 2 bonds), it says <109.5 degrees for bond angles. I don't understand why that one is less than 109.5, when a trigonal pyramidal isn't.

  • VESPR theory - ,

    NH3 is less than 109.5.
    NF3 is less than 109.5.
    SO3^-2 is less than that.
    H3O^+ is less than that.
    SOCl2 is less than that.
    In fact, as long as there is at least one lone pair, the angles will not be 109.5o
    If you remove the lone pair, by for example, making NH4^+, then you get the 109.5 back.

  • VESPR theory - ,

    But is a molecule with an electronic geometry of tetraheydral and a molecular geometry of bent the only one like that? Why doesn't a square pyramidal have <120 degree angles when it has a lone pair? Or does it? I feel like more of the bond angles should be less than the listed angle for 0 lone pairs per electronic geometry type, but it only says for the bent shape that it's <109.5

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