Monday
November 24, 2014

Homework Help: Medical Terminology

Posted by mielchie on Tuesday, September 28, 2010 at 4:34am.

Hello. Please,if someone can help me answer all these questions. I have few answers and i would like to compare it to my own answers thanks.



1. Dr. Hannah places a stethoscope to a seven-year-old
child’s chest. The lungs reveal basilar rales. Which method
is Dr. Hannah using to perform the physical examination?
A. Auscultation C. Percussion
B. Palpation D. Visualization

2. Cardiology is the study of the heart. Which of the following
terms describes the foundation on which the medical word
is built that usually relates to the body organ involved?
A. Prefix C. Root
B. Suffix D. Combining form
3. A patient visits the doctor’s office with abdominal pain of two days’ duration. Medical
history is significant for tonsillectomy and hypertension. The patient denies alcohol and
drug abuse. The rectal examination confirms heme-negative stool. Impression: Abdominal
pain. Which of the following items represents a symptom?
A. Abdominal pain C. Heme-negative stool
B. Tonsillectomy D. Hypertension

4. Appendectomy is listed as the principal procedure on the surgical report.You know that
(-ectomy) means excision or surgical removal. What part of the medical word does
“-ectomy” represent?
A. Root C. Prefix
B. Suffix D. Combining form

5. What type of information appears in a histology report?
A. Tissue structure C. Blood type
B. Synechia D. Bone health

6. You’re asked to change plural medical words to the singular form. Which of the following
combinations represents the correct conversion?
A. Criterion, criteria C. Lumen, lumina
B. Bacteria, bacterium D. Ganglion, ganglia









7. A 15-year-old female patient has experienced daily nausea for the past two months. The
patient states that she feels like “I’ve eaten something that has upset my stomach.” She
denies vomiting and weight loss. The patient has noticed a weight gain of 10 pounds within
this two-month period. Which heading of the medical history and physical examination
does this statement represent?
A. Family history C. Social history
B. Chief complaint D. Present illness

8. A patient’s glucose is 80 mg/dL (80 mg% is approximately an equivalent expression—
some hospitals and other health care institutions use the former unit construction, whereas
others use the latter); creatinine, 0.2 mg/dL (0.2 mg% is approximately an equivalent
expression); and albumin is within normal limits. These test results represent part of a
A. blood chemistry profile. C. electrocardiogram.
B. urinalysis. D. diagnosis.
9. Where are the lateral ports located?
A. Toward the back C. Away from the median
B. Toward the head D. Toward the front

10. A 65-year-old patient has a murmur over the apex of the heart. What does the term
apex represent?
A. Tip C. Front
B. Nearest the middle D. Back

11. A patient reports smoking three packs of cigarettes per month. She denies drug and
alcohol use. This statement is an example of
A. social history. C. physical examination.
B. family history. D. chief complaint.

12. Which of the following words is spelled correctly according to your medical dictionary’s
definition for the function of cells, tissues, and organs of a living organism?
A. Physiologie C. Phsyology
B. Physiology D. Physeology

13. A patient went into cardiac arrest. The (–ac) portion of the word cardiac is a/an
A. noun suffix. C. combining form.
B. plural suffix. D. adjective suffix.

14. A 16-year-old patient is having problems with a swollen gland on the left side of her neck.
The physician is most likely to use _______ to determine if the gland has any atypical
characteristics.
A. auscultation C. palpation
B. percussion D. visualization

15. During surgery, one cm of subcutaneous fat is revealed. What does the prefix in the word
subcutaneous mean?
A. Across C. Around
B. Under D. Within


16. A patient’s face shows pustular lesions and comedone formation. The skin’s surface is
quite inflamed. Which of the following diagnoses best describes this statement?
A. Rosacea C. Acne vulgaris
B. Sebaceous cyst D. Measles
17. A 45-year-old woman is being treated for menopause. The physician’s medication orders
include Premarin. Premarin is a form of
A. androgen. C. progestin.
B. estrogen. D. cathartic.

18. Severe pruritus indicates
A. pain. C. itchiness.
B. inflammation. D. bruising.

19. A patient was brought to the hospital emergency room with a stab wound to the patellar
area. A needle was inserted to remove synovial fluid from the joint. What type of procedure
was done?
A. Arthrocentesis C. Meniscectomy
B. Revision arthroplasty D. Ostectomy

20. A patient was prescribed suppositories to be inserted rectally for nausea and vomiting.
What drug administration route is being used in this scenario?
A. Gastrointestinal C. Parenteral
B. Intramuscular D. Subcutaneous

21. The bx of the skin lesion was benign. What does the abbreviation bx stand for?
A. Bactroban C. Basal cell carcinoma
B. Biopsy D. Burn xeroderma

22. Rhinocort Aqua spray is presently prescribed. Through which medication route is this
medication taken?
A. Rectal C. Topical
B. Inhalation D. Intravenous

23. Apply the “ung” to the skin. Ung stands for
A. solution. C. orally.
B. injection. D. ointment.


24. A young woman’s arm was covered with tiny ephelides, which are
A. birthmarks. C. small tumors.
B. freckles. D. cysts.









25. What does the abbreviation “AD” represent in a medical report?
A. Left ear C. Right ear
B. Both ears D. Right eye

26. A patient is taking codeine, a drug that has a high potential for
A. side effects. C. absorption.
B. toxicity. D. addiction.

27. A patient has lost interest in normal activities, feels sad, and has experienced a
loss in appetite. The physician is most likely to prescribe a/an ______ to elevate the
patient’s mood.
A. anticonvulsant C. diuretic
B. antidepressant D. emetic

28. A 30-year-old female is three months pregnant. She’s suffering from severe nausea and
vomiting. The doctor prescribes a/an
A. antiemetic. C. gastrointestinal drug.
B. analgesic. D. anticonvulsant.

29. A patient has dermatitis. What does the suffix in this term represent?
A. Pertaining to C. Discoloration
B. Hernia D. Inflammation

30. Anna has an upper respiratory tract infection. She has had a fever of 103°F for the past
three days. She is taking Tylenol to help reduce her fever. What type of drug action does
this medication provide?
A. Placebo C. Therapeutic
B. Prophylactic D. Palliative

31. Which of the following terms indicates a slow heart beat?
A. Bradycardia C. Infarct
B. Stenosis D. Murmur

32. A patient had a free-moving clot. What is another term for this type of clot?
A. Gangrene C. Stenosis
B. Embolism D. Murmur
33. A patient was brought into the emergency room with symptoms of a heart attack. What
diagnosis does heart attack indicate?
A. Myocarditis C. Cardiac arrest
B. Myocardial infarction D. Ischemia










34. One type of abnormal heart sound is referred to as a/an
A. murmur. C. regurgitation.
B. infarct. D. mitral valve prolapse.

35. A 67-year-old female has a heart valve that’s failing to close completely. Which diagnosis
indicates this condition?
A. Mitral valve prolapse C. Ischemia
B. Valvular insufficiency D. Heart murmur

36. History revealed that the patient previously underwent a postsurgical procedure to correct
valvular stenosis. What is the name of this procedure?
A. Echocardiogram C. Heart valve
B. Cardiac catheterization D. Commissurotomy

37. A patient complains of a fast heart rate. Which diagnosis does this statement indicate?
A. Arrhythmia C. Infarct
B. Tachycardia D. Ischemia

38. A patient’s chief complaint is pallor, numbness in the fingers. History of present illness:
A 69-year-old female has temporary constriction of arterioles on the skin. Which of the
following diagnoses would fit the physician’s impression?
A. Unstable angina C. Raynaud’s phenomenon
B. Pleural effusion D. Congestive heart failure

39. With a patient lying in the supine position, the carotid vein was cut. What operative
procedure was done?
A. Angioplasty C. Embolectomy
B. Atherectomy D. Phlebotomy

40. Tissue necrosis was present due to inadequate blood supply. Which diagnosis best
describes this condition?
A. Infarct C. Mitral valve prolapse
B. Ischemia D. Varicose veins
41. Vital signs: BP, 150/95. BP (blood pressure) may indicate which of the following diagnoses?
A. Stenosis C. Coronary artery disease
B. Hypertension D. Ischemia

42. MVP should be ruled out, which means eliminate the possibility of
A. mitral valve prolapse. C. myocarditis.
B. myocardial infarction. D. heart murmur.










43. A 42-year-old African American male is admitted to the hospital several times for the
treatment of PVCs. Which of the following conditions does the patient have?
A. Phlebitis C. Peripheral vascular disease
B. Premature ventricular contractions D. Pericarditis

44. A radiopaque material was injected into the blood vessels. What type of procedure
was performed?
A. Angioplasty
B. Holter monitoring
C. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
D. Angiography

45. Which of the following terms describes a bluish discoloration of the extremities due to
inadequate supply of oxygen?
A. Coarctation C. Acrocyanosis
B. Carditis D. Regurgitation

46. A 42-year-old breast cancer patient’s symptoms have disappeared. What is the term for
this occurrence?
A. Cure C. Remission
B. Immunotherapy D. Clinical trial

47. A chest X-ray was performed while a patient was standing with his back to the film. In
what view was the X-ray taken?
A. Lateral C. Posteroanterior
B. Oblique D. Anteroposterior

48. A patient states, “I feel like something is stuck in my windpipe.” What is another term
for windpipe?
A. Pharynx C. Diaphragm
B. Trachea D. Epiglottis
49. A 52-year-old school teacher was diagnosed in 1997 with _______. This cancer type
represents 90% of all malignancies.
A. mixed-tissue tumor C. carcinoma
B. sarcoma D. multiple myeloma

50. Dr. Hammer has scheduled the patient for chemotherapy. The patient had a mastectomy on
June 1, 2000. Chemotherapy used after surgery is referred to as
A. adjuvant chemotherapy. C. biologic therapy.
B. hormone therapy. D. simulation.










51. A radiologist is able to evaluate the movement of body organs. What type of radiological
procedure is being used?
A. Ultrasound C. Magnetic resonance imaging
B. Fluoroscopic examination D. Film survey

52. A patient had a radiogram performed. What does the root word indicate?
A. Same C. Ray
B. Luminous D. Life

53. A coding specialist had a TB skin test performed before starting a new job; this test is also
known as the _______ test.
A. rhinitis C. Mantoux
B. cystic fibrosis D. dysphagia

54. A patient has symptoms indicative of lung inflammation. What is this patient’s diagnosis?
A. Pneumonia C. Emphysema
B. Asthma D. Rhinitis

55. A 60-year-old patient who comes to the emergency room with shortness of breath
is experiencing
A. dysphagia. C. pleural effusion.
B. inspiration. D. dyspnea.

56. A patient has adenopathy of the lymph nodes. (Aden/o–) means
A. gland. C. tumor.
B. disease. D. cancer.

57. A patient with bronchitis is directed to take Humabid. What type of medication is
being prescribed?
A. Expectorant C. Antiemetic
B. Antihistamine D. Diuretic
58. A portion of the patient’s right lung was resected due to lung cancer. Which of the following
procedures was performed?
A. Thoracostomy C. Lobectomy
B. Tracheotomy D. Pleurectomy

59. A patient was diagnosed with hemothorax. What does the suffix in this term mean?
A. Chest C. Nose
B. Breath D. Lung

60. A patient was experiencing indigestion almost every day. The physician performed an
upper GI series, also known as a _______ test.
A. bronchographic C. cholangiographic
B. barium enema D. barium swallow

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