Posted by Sarah on Saturday, September 25, 2010 at 8:08pm.
Mathmate, I really appreciate all your help regarding my composite function question below but I'm still in need of your help. I don't understand how the range of x^2x+1 is R. Isn't this a parabola with a minimum for y? Also, I understand minimum and maximum values of sine but I don't know how to apply in my question. Again, many thanks for helping me out with this 'cause it's really bugging me.

Math  MathMate, Saturday, September 25, 2010 at 8:37pm
You're right. The range of an odddegreed polynomial is ℝ but even degreed polynomials are limited on one side. It's a slip on my part.
In this case, you need to find the minimum (at the vertex) of f(x)=x²x+1 (1/2,3/4). So the range is [3/4,∞).
To find the minimum and maximum values (range) of g(x)=sin²(x)sin(x)+1,
you would use differentiation to find the derivative, g'(x)=2sin(x)cos(x)cos(x)
and equate g'(x) to zero to get
2sin(x)cos(x)cos(x)=0
cos(x)(2sin(x)1)=0
thus
cos(x)=0 or sin(x)=1/2
Solution set in [0,2π] is
{π/2, 3π/2, π/6, and 5π/6}
These are the possible locations for absolute minimum/maximum.
Evaluate g(x) at these points and determine the values of the absolute minimum and maximum. These are the limits of the range, since g(x) is a continuous function.
If you have not yet done differential calculus, you can draw the graph of g(x) and select points near which you can calculate a refined value of the absolute maximum and minimum.
Here's graph of the function g(x) between 0 and 2π.
http://img535.imageshack.us/img535/7599/1285459685.png

Math  Sarah, Saturday, September 25, 2010 at 11:30pm
Thanks very much for taking the time to help! Since I haven't done calculus, I'll try graphing.

Math  MathMate, Sunday, September 26, 2010 at 8:52am
You're welcome!
Post if you have other questions, or need more details.
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