Chemistry - v/v versus w/w
posted by annie .
Thanks a lot:)
So just to confirm: normally for any chemical bought from manufacturer, if it is not stated, the % usually means v/v? Seems like for conc sulphuric acid, when it is stated 97% sulphuric acid, it means 97% w/w sulphuric acid?
Thank you very much.
Posted by annie on Monday, September 20, 2010 at 10:33am.
I have a bottle of 95% ethanol purchased from the manufacturer.
Normally, when it is not stated, does it mean 95% w/w ethanol?
I need to prepare 100ml of 40% v/v ethanol solution from 95% ethanol.
Please show me the calculation steps.
Chemistry -repost thank you in advance - bobpursley, Monday, September 20, 2010 at 11:01am
when not stated, 95% is v/v
you want to dilute the ethanol 95/45 times, or 2.111 times. THat means one part alcohol, and 1.111 parts water.
100ml/2.111=47.37 is a part.
so, 47.37 ml of 95%
52.63 ml of water.
I think your conclusion is wrong. You are correct that the percent on a bottle of H2SO4 means w/w. Technically, ALL manufacturers (and problem makers) should state 95% v/v or 98% w/w (or 95% w/v) but they don't. USUALLY one means w/w if it isn't stated but USUALLY one means v/v if it is two liquids (as in 95% ethanol)(which flies in the face of the H2SO4 bottle).