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August 2, 2015

Homework Help: chemistry

Posted by dave on Wednesday, September 15, 2010 at 12:45am.

The first ionization potential of the elements B, C, and N (atomic numbers 5, 6, and 7) steadily increases, but that of O is less than that of N. The best interpretation of the lower
value for O is that:

1. the ionization potential of N is a maximum and the values decrease steadily for the elements O, F, and Ne.
2. there is more shielding of the nuclear charge in O than in B, C, or N.
3. the electron removed from O is farther from the nucleus and therefore less tightly bound than that in N.
4. the electron removed from O corresponds to a different value of the quantum number L than that of the electron removed from B, C,or N.
5. the half-filled set of p orbitals in N makes it more difficult to remove an electron from N than from O.

I think the answer is 1, but I'm not sure.

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