Posted by Sonia on Wednesday, July 21, 2010 at 7:07pm.
distance is the difference in positions.
But that involves vectors, so here, I think your teacher wants you to use trig.
draw the figure.
Notice the angles first: the interior angle between the paths is 130degrees
Next, the law of cosines
c^2=20^2+15^2-2*20*15Cos130
that is it, solve for c.
Ok thank u:)
Um the answer that I got is 24.72km can u please help me get the answer above?
in my previous reply to your question,
I made the silly mistake of adding 180-(20+15_ instead of 180-(20+30) to get the angle between their paths.
http://www.jiskha.com/display.cgi?id=1279674199
I agree with bobpursley's equation, and the result of that is
c^2 = 400 + 225 - (-385.6726)
c^2 = 1010.672566
c = 31.8 km
Your answer of 4139 m or 4.139 km makes no sense,
I noticed you changed it from 4139km to 4139 m but it is still way off
Ok but do think u can help me with this question:
a sailor out in a lake sees two likght houses 11km apart along the shore and gets bearings of 285degrees from his present position for light house A and 237degrees for light house B. From light house B, light house A has a bearing of 45degrees. How far to the nearest kilometre, is the sailor from each light house? What is the shortest distance, the nearest kilometre, from the sailor to the shore? ( the answers are 3km, 13km, 3km)
Using vector analysis, i calculated 31.79 km. So my cal. agree with bobpursley.
20km[110o] - 15km[240o] =
-6.84+18.8i -(-7.5-13i) = 0.66 + 31.8i = 31.81 km[88.8o] N. of E.