calculus
posted by fred .
A ball has bounce coefficient 0 < r < 1 if when it is dropped from height h, it bounces back to a height of rh. Suppose that such a ball is dropped from an initial height a and subsequently bounces infinitely may times. Find the total upanddown distance in all its bouncing.

h[1 + 2r + 2r^2 + 2r^3 + ...]
= 2h(1 +r +r^2 + r^3 + ..) h
= 2h [1/(1r)] h 
distance= h+2hr+2hr^2+2hr^3...
distance= 2h+2hr+ 2hr^2+... h
Isn't that an geometric series?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geometric_progression
sum= a/(1r) h= 2h/(1r) h
check my thinking