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Chemistry

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If 10.0g of CaCl2 and 10.0g of NaCl are dissolved in 100.0mL of solution, what is the concentration of chloride ions? (the molar mass of CaCl2 is 111.0g/mol; the molar mass of NaCl is 58.44g/mol.

I found individual molar mass of:
Ca-40.08
Cl-35.45
Na-22.99

So I divided 10g CaCl2/111.0g CaCl2 + 10g NaCl/58.44g NaCl = .262205764. I than divided by .100L = 2.61205764.

I than divided 70.9g/111.0g and 35.45g/58.44g, added them together and came up with 1.245305065.

The final answer is 3.51M.

I cannot figure out where this answer came from. Help please.

  • Chemistry - ,

    I expect if I look really hard I could find exactly where you went off track but it is easier to show you how to do the problem.
    Plan: Determine molarity CaCl2 and molarity NaCl, then multiply M CaCl2 by 2 (to find M Cl) and add to molarity NaCl.

    mols CaCl2 = 10/111 = 0.09
    M = moles/L = 0.09/0.1 = 0.9 M CaCl2
    M Cl in CaCl2 is 2 x 0.9 = 1.8

    moles NaCl = 10/58.44 = 0.171
    M = moles/L = 0.171/0.1 = 1.71 M NaCl.
    then 1.8 + 1.71 = 3.51 M to three s.f.

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