My best suggestion -- until another teacher comes along who understands all this -- is to look up each term here:
Once you have written down a very good definition of each term, then read through your notes and find the ways in which these processes interact (or not). You might try writing down the definitions in four columns, side by side in order to see them more closely.
Here are some links to visit:
Because I see the terminology "medical language: here is one of my favorite Medical Dictionary. It is not the only one I use, so just ask if you'd like to see others: