Friday
July 25, 2014

Homework Help: Anatomy & Physiology 1

Posted by Kelsey on Thursday, May 27, 2010 at 1:29am.

Could someone please check over my answers, and let me know if any of them are wrong. If they are wrong could you please give me the correct answer or tell me where I could find it..Thanks in advance for any and all help....


1. The process of breaking a complex
substance down into smaller
components is called?

A- neutralization
B- metabolism
C- anabolism
D- catabolism

I chose C

2. An approach to skin cancer treatment
would involve surgery, either alone
or combined with?

A- chemotherapy
B- topical corticosteroids
C- oral antibiotics
D- anti-melanin medications

I chose A

3. Which one of the following compounds is an organic molecule?

A- Table salt (NaCI)
B- Ribonucleic acid
C. Water
D. Hydrogen chloride

I chose B

4. Where are keratinized cells found in the body?

A. sweat and sebaceous glands
B. hair and nails
C. capillaries and nerve fibers
D. the subcutaneous layer of the skin

I chose D.

5. What are the constituents of DNA?

A. Proteins and sugars
B. Sugars, phosphates, and nitrogenous
bases
C. Sugars and lipids
D. Lipids, nitrogenous bases, and
proteins

I chose C

6. Structurally, what is the difference between the dermis and the epidermis?

A- the epidermis is thicker
B- the dermis contains more types of
tissue
C- the dermis is made mostly of dead
cells
D- the epidermis consists of mostly
adipose cells

I chose C.

7. Normal urine is _________, as
indicated by its pH value?

A- slightly alkaline
B- neutral
C- slightly acidic
D- extremely alkaline

I chose C

8. A dog bites a large chunk of flesh
from a man's leg. The large, open
wound will likely heal by the
process of?

A- scab formation
B- primary repair
C- granulation
D- secondary graft

I chose B

9. A cell digests proteins through a
_________ process?

A- lysosomal
B- phagocytotic
C- mitotic
D- perioxisomal

I chose B

10. The function of smooth muscle is to provide?

A- cushioning around the joints
B- involuntary movement
C- rapid contractions
D- skeletal support

I chose D

11. Which one of the following
processes is achieved through
osmosis?

A- a cube of sugar dissolving in coffee
B- particles of oxygen filling the lungs
C- transport of proteins from the
endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi
apparatus
D- water moving across the cell membrane

I chose C

12- Which one of the following is an
example of epithelial tissue?

A- aponeuroses
B- subcutaneous skin layer
C- lining of the digestive tract
D- larynx

I chose C

13. Which one of the following is a
consequence of cell specialization?

A- the cells can reproduce more rapidly
B- the cells may lose the ability to
perform other functions
C- the cells are less likely to become
cancerous
D- the cells become more self-sufficient

I chose A

14. A 72-year-old man is diagnosed with a 7cm primary tumor in his colon,
which has spread to the liver.
Which of the following features
indicates that the tumor is
malignant?

A- the patient's advanced age
B- the location of the primary tumor
C- the spreading of the tumor
D- the size of the tumor

I chose D

15. The full set of genes that make up
an organism is called its?

A- genome
B- chromosome
C- clone
D- map

I chose A

16. A patient admitted to the hospital
for sun stroke, requiring hydration
with intravenous fluid, will most
likely be given a/an ________
solution.

A- hypotonic
B- hypertonic
C- osmosis
D- isotonic

I chose D

17. Which one of the following groups
of tissue types is found in blood
vessels?

A- connective, muscle, and nervous
tissues
B- muscle and nervous tissues
C- connective, epithelial, and nervous
tissues
D- epithelial and muscle tissues

I chose A

18. In diffusion, movement of particles across a membrane is driven by differences in?

A- force
B- concentration
C- size
D- shape

I chose A

19. A 22-year-old man is stabbed in the chest. Which organ systems are
most likely to be directly injured?

A- nervous and circulatory systems
B- respiratory and reproductive systems
C- digestive and endocrine systems
D- respiratory and circulatory systems

I chose D

20. Amino acids that you obtain from
eating foods are classified as?

A- essential
B- facilitated
C- extracellular
D- inorganic

I chose A

21. The function of the respiratory
system closely overlaps with that
of the ________ system.

A- excretory
B- skeletal
C- endocrine
D- integumentary

I chose A

22. Chromosomes can be seen only during?

A- active transport
B- cell division
C- meiosis
D- neutralization

I chose B

23- Combining a base and an acid forms?

A- DNA and gas
B- ions
C- sodium hydroxide
D- salt and water

I chose D

24. Lying by the pool on a sunny day
will produce an increase in the
protein?

A- melanin
B- keratin
C- sebum
D- collagen

I chose A

25. Glucose is the main source of cell
energy, but any glucose that can't
be used immediately is stored for
future use as?

A- galactose
B- fat
C- glycogen
D- carbohydrates

I chose B

26. Treatment for a carbuncle involves?

A- topical antibacterial cream
B- hydrocortisone injections
C- surgical drainage and oral
antibiotics
D- griseofulvin and moisturizers

I chose B

27. A 67-year-old patient suffering
from profound memory loss and
confusion may be evaluated for
suspected Alzheimer's disease.
What medical imaging technique may
be used for this evaluation?

A- position emission tomography
B- magnetic resonance imaging
C- computed axial tomography
D- ultrasound imaging

I chose D

28. Which one of the following
processes is performed by the
endocrine system?

A- transport of hormones to muscles
B- breakdown of hormones into simpler
molecules
C- secretion of hormones from cells
D- excretion of hormones from the body

I chose A

29. A wart is an example of a/an?

A- papule
B- nodule
C- ulcer
D- bulla

I chose A

30. A comatose patient in a nursing home requires nurses to move his position in the bed several times a day. For what purpose is this done?

A- To help digestion
B- To alleviate dermatitis
C- To stimulate nerve tissue
D- To prevent decubitus ulcers

I chose C

31. Which type of burn involves destruction of the epidernis, dermis, and subcutaneous layers?

A- Zero degree
B- First degree
C- Second degree
D. Third degree

I chose D.

32. During an emergency room examination for an injured arm, the physician palpates the arm's entire length, starting at the shoulder and ending at the fingers of the hand. This process takes him from a/an_______position.

A- right to left
B- proximal to distal
C- anterior to ventral
D- coronal to transverse

I chose B.

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