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July 23, 2014

Homework Help: the elements and principles of design

Posted by Anonymous on Wednesday, April 21, 2010 at 12:54am.

1. Which one of the following factors is one of the principles of
design?
A. Form C. Pattern
B. Color D. Balance
2. Of the following expressions, which best describes the
concept of harmony in a roomís decor?
A. A consistency of mood
B. Strongly contrasting color values
C. A mix of assorted furniture styles
D. An assortment of items in various sizes
3. Normally, a prime consideration in designing a childís
bedroom would be to ensure that the
A. mood is conversational.
B. furnishings are sturdy.
C. colors provide contrast.
D. room has a secondary focal point.
4. Which one of these statements is correct regarding how pattern is used in design?
A. Only the largest, most dominant pattern affects the overall appearance of the
room.
B. A large pattern appears most dramatic when used in a large room or on an
oversized object.
C. The secondary print used in a roomís decor should be as strong as the primary
print.
D. Decorative patterns should be selected to harmonize with structural patterns.
5. Which one of these statements best describes the concept of line as itís used in
design?
A. A line is a straight shape thatís much narrower than it is long.
B. The use of lines in a design always creates a sense of restfulness and stability.
C. A line leads the eye, conveying a sense of motion.
D. The use of lines in a design will always create a sense of strength and dignity.
6. Which one of these statements is correct regarding the design concepts of proportion
and scale?
A. The terms proportion and scale are interchangeable terms.
B. Proportion has to do with the sizes of the parts of an object; scale refers to the size
of an object in relation to the size of other objects.
C. An objectís proportions refer to its size in relation to the size of other objects; scale
refers to the objectís measured dimensions.
D. Proportion refers to the dimensions of objects that are parts of a single group;
scale refers to the dimensions of furniture groups that are parts of a single room.
7. Which one of the following expresses a color value?
A. True green C. Blue-green
B. Dark green D. Forest green
8. The bodies of the lamps shown
in Examination Figure 1 have
harmony of
A. scale.
B. line.
C. texture.
D. value.
EXAMINATION FIGURE 1
Which one of the rectangles shown here has the golden mean proportions?
10. The basic shape of the lamp shade in
Examination Figure 2 is a
A. cone.
B. cylinder.
C. sphere.
D. pyramid.
11. Which one of the following statements is correct regarding the design concept of scale?
A. The scale of the objects in a room can be varied for a special effect.
B. A room canít have unity unless the scale of all objects in the room is the same.
C. When objects are arranged on each side of a centerline for formal balance, good
scale will result.
D. If an object possesses good proportions, good scale in the arrangement is
guaranteed.
12. The room in Examination Figure 3 has two focal points. One is at the fireplace wall,
and the other is in the dining area. As a decorator, you decide to use paint to unite
these two focal points. How would you paint the walls in the dining area?
A. In a lighter value than that in the living area
B. In a different color than that in the living area
C. In white to reflect the living area
D. In a similar color to reduce contrasts
13. Which one of the following shows a good example of rhythm used in a roomís decor?
A. An arched line at the tops of dining room chairs repeated in a sofa back, a mirror
top, and a windowís drapery line
B. A rectangular red area rug, oval-backed dining chairs, and a blue dining table
C. A dark-blue print pillow on a white sofa and a light-green, solid-colored pillow on a
wooden chair
D. An oval coffee table in front of an L-shaped sofa
14. Which one of these statements best describes the concept of form as itís used in
design?
A. A form is a series of lines enclosing a space.
B. A form is any series of three-dimensional shapes arranged in a group.
C. The concept of form refers to art objects, while shape refers to furniture.
D. An objectís form is either inherent or derived.
15. Generally, the most effective way to use texture when decorating a room is by
A. selecting one texture only for use throughout the room.
B. combining only similar textures throughout the room.
C. using only smooth textures.
D. combining different textures in ways that provide contrast and balance.
16. Which one of the following is an element of design?
A. Form C. Scale
B. Unity D. Proportion
17. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the design concept of emphasis?
A. A room should not have more than one focal point.
B. Focal points in a roomís architecture must be emphasized with contrasting colors.
C. A focal point canít be established in a setting where formal balance is used.
D. Generally, a focal point should be visible from the entrance to a room.
18. Which one of the following should be your primary concern when creating an
arrangement with informal balance?
A. Arrange furniture and other objects so that you have no centerline.
B. Place those items with the greatest visual weight nearest the centerline.
C. Balance all the items around a central pivot point.
D. Make certain that no two identical objects are placed on opposite sides
of the centerline.
19. The basic shape of the body of the lamp in
Examination Figure 4 is a
A. cone.
B. cylinder.
C. sphere.
D. pyramid.
20. Which type of balance is represented in the
overhead view of a table and chairs
in Examination Figure 5?
A. Formal
B. Informal
C. Radial
D. Combined
EXAMINATION FIGURE 4
EXAMINATION FIGURE 5

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