February 26, 2017

Homework Help: Geography

Posted by y912f on Friday, April 16, 2010 at 4:07pm.

53. Compare and contrast the societies, governments and economies of both North and South Korea.

The Korean Peninsula is divided into two nations: North Korea, or the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and South Korea, or The Republic of Korea. North Korea is a Communist country while South Korea has a non-Communist government. These two nations have many differences but also share a common history and an ancient culture. Koreans adapted Chinese cultural ways to their own existing culture. For example, they borrowed from the Chinese writing system and adapted many Chinese words. The language of Korea, however, includes Finnish, Turkish, and Hungarian. The Koreans also accepted and integrated more than one religion and philosophy into their way of life. Daoism and Confucianism came from China, and they adopted Buddhism to fit their own existing culture.
However, beyond its political divisions, the Korean Peninsula is a land of opposites. The two nations have opposite climates, landforms, and resources. North Korea is less densely populated than South Korea, and only its capital city has a population of more than 1 million. Because of it’s location near the Asian mainland, North Korea is influenced greatly by nearby continental climate regions. There are short, cool summers and bitterly cold winters. The land is mountainous and rugged. North Korea’s fast-flowing mountain rivers have been harnessed to create hydroelectric power for its industries. Lastly, it also has some of the richest natural resources in East Asia.
On the other hand, South Korea is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Almost a quarter of the population is concentrated in the capital city of Seoul. It is influenced by the moderating effects of the surrounding seas, and parts of south Korea are actually subtropical in climate. It is much less mountainous than North Korea and has wide, rolling plains. Because of its land and climate, South Korea is better suited for agriculture than North Korea.

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