Posted by **Tyler** on Thursday, April 15, 2010 at 3:53am.

Suppose 100 dots are arranged in a square 10 × 10 array, and each dot is colored red

or blue.

(a) Prove that this array must contain a “monochromatic” rectangle. That is, no matter

how the red and blue colors are assigned, there must be either a set of four red dots that

form a rectangle or else a set of four blue dots that form a rectangle.

[Don’t consider colors of the dots inside that rectangle. Just the four corner points.

Use only those rectangles having horizontal and vertical sides. ]

(b) Does this result remain true for smaller rectangular arrays of dots?

To begin, find a 4 × 5 array that admits no monochromatic rectangle.

Must a monochromatic rectangle exist in a 5 × 5 array? In a 4 × 6 array?

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