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Posted by on Tuesday, April 13, 2010 at 10:23pm.

For the metal elements, whats the connection between the ion charge and the # of electrons in the outershell?

I wrote:

The ion charge is positive for all metal elements and the electron # increases.

please add any other info, thanks

  • Science-Bohr Model 2 - , Tuesday, April 13, 2010 at 10:35pm

    The atom is trying to achieve stability with 8 electrons in its outer shell. Basically it would like to look like its closest Noble gas. Metals tend to lose electrons to go back to the Noble gas configuration before it making the protons outnumber the electrons giving them a positive charge. Non-metals tend to gain electrons to look like the Noble gas ahead of them giving them a negative charge. So, 8 electrons in the outer shell is the goal.

  • Science-Bohr Model 2 - , Tuesday, April 13, 2010 at 10:36pm

    Thank you very much:-)

  • Science-Bohr Model 2 - , Tuesday, April 13, 2010 at 10:40pm

    To obtain a positive charge on the metal ion (which you have correct) doesn't the number of electrons DECREASE? by the number of + charges?
    Na has 11p, 11 e.
    Na^+ (+1 ion) has 11p, 10e
    The + charge went up (from zero to +1), the number of electrons went down (from 11 to 10 = 1 = positive charge)

  • Science-Bohr Model 2 - , Tuesday, April 13, 2010 at 10:42pm

    Oh yeah, thanks for reminding me about that DrBob222, I had totally forgotten. I was thinking oppositely.

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