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Chemistry

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In a first order decomposition reaction, 50% of a compound decomposes in 10.5 min. What is the rate constant of the reaction? How long does it take for 75% of the compound to decompose?

My professor did this problem in class:

k = .693 / 10.5 mins
= .066 min ^-1

where did .693 come from?

Thanks

  • Chemistry - ,

    it's from the half-life formula for first order process rate t1/2 = .693 / k

  • Chemistry - ,

    0.693 is the natural log of 2.
    It comes from using the expression
    ln(No/N) = kt
    ln(100/50) = k*t1/2
    ln 2 = k*t<sub<1/2
    k = ln2/t1/2 and
    k = 9.693/t1/2

    The No/N I used above as 100 and 50 can be any number choose as long as N is 1/2 of No.

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