Posted by Kelsey on .
A satellite moves in a circular orbit around Earth at a speed of 4390 m/s.
(a) Determine the satellite's altitude above the surface of Earth.
(b) Determine the period of the satellite's orbit.
am I supposed to use rotational equations for this? I don't know what to start out with.
I tried to use V^2/r = GM(earth)/r^2 but I am not getting the correct answer.
V = sqrt(GM/r)
GM = 3.986x10^14
V = 4390
r = 3.986x10^14/4390^2 = 20,682,748.6m = 20,682.7km
Earth radius = 6378km
Orbital altitude h = 20,682.7 - 6378 = 14,394.7km.
The time it takes a satellite to orbit the earth in a circular orbit, its orbital period, can be calculated from
T = 2(Pi)sqrt[r^3/GM]
where T is the orbital period in seconds, Pi = 3.1416, r = the radius of the circular orbit and GM = the Earth's gravitational constant = 6378x10^42.
I'll let you carry out the computation of the period.