. Mines on land in the US are regulated by federal and state laws. The Clean Water Act and the Safe Drinking Water Act, are two laws passed to ensure that contaminants from mines do not threaten water quality. The release of hazardous substances into the air, soil, and water by mining is regulated by the Comprehensive Response Compensation and Liability Act. Further more, all mining operations must also obey the Endangered Species Act, which ensures that mining activities will not affect threatened or endangered species and their habitats.
Reclamation is the process of returning land to its original or better condition after mining is completed. A program was created by the SMCRA (Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act) for the regulation of surface coal mining on public and private land. There are standards set by this act that would minimize the surface effects of coal mining on the environment. This act also established a fund that is administered by the federal government and is used to reclaim land and water resources that have been adversely affected by past coal-mining activities.
There are also programs created by states to regulate mining on state and private lands. Mining companies must first obtain permits from state environmental agencies before mining a site. The permits specify certain standards for mine design and reclamation. Also, some states have bond forfeiture programs. In these, a mining company must post funds, called bonds, before a minign project begins. If the company does not mine and reclaim a site according to the standards required, the company must give these funds to the state. The funds are used to reclaim the site.
this is what i got. do you think it's ok?
very helpful :)