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December 21, 2014

December 21, 2014

Posted by **jake** on Tuesday, March 9, 2010 at 8:39pm.

- math -
**MathMate**, Tuesday, March 9, 2010 at 8:49pmThe key is to have Doris and Bob cross together, after having Annie or Jack waiting on the other side.

Annie and Jack cross last.

- math -
**tchrwill**, Wednesday, March 10, 2010 at 9:52am* Let the four people be labeled a, b, c, and d in ascending order of their walking times.

* After reviewing the following hints, you will easily be able to conclude that the minimum crossing time can always be accomplished in T = a + 3b + d minutes which in this case results in T = 1 + 3(2) + 10 = 17 minutes.

* Clearly, one person has to return across the bridge two times with the flashlight to accompany the next person across.

HINTS:

1--Since only one person can be permanently taken across at a time, we know that there will be 5 trips made in all; 3 trips bringing a person over and 2 trips where 1 person returns to get another person.

2--By definition, one of the trips across must take 10 minutes dictated by "d's" walking time.

3--Logically, "c and "d", will cross together taking 10 minutes to cross over.

4--This leaves "a" and "b", the two people taking the two shortest times, to arrange their crossings in such a way as to consume the remaining 7 minutes.

5--Four trips consuming 7 minutes can only be achieved by 1 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 7, not necessarily in that order.

6--Person "a's" crossing time can only result from "a" traveling alone since if he was traveling with "b", their crossing time would have to be 2 minutes.

7--Therefore, "a" must make one return trip by himself meaning that he must go across with "b" once and return by himself.

8--We now know that "a" and "b" make at least one trip across together taking 2 minutes, "a" makes one trip returning to the starting side, and "c" and "d" make one trip across taking 10 minutes, consuming in all 2 + 1 + 10 = 13 minutes.

9--With 4 minutes left, it is obvious that "b" accounts for the remaining two trips, one over and oneback.

10--It remains for you to determine the order of these crossings and how and when does person "b" make his trips across and back consuming the remaining 4 minutes.

I think you should now be able to arrange the trips in their proper order.

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