Posted by Anonymous on Monday, March 8, 2010 at 11:45am.
Investment X:
You need $200 more to recoup your initial investment of $4000, which you can get from the third year cash flow of $3700.
You only need the pro-rata amount, which will be $200/$3700 = 0.054 year
Pay back period for X = 2.054 years
Investment Y:
You need only $2700 from second year to recoup your initial investment of $4000.
You only need the pro-rata amount, which will be $2700/$2800 = 0.964 year
Pay back period for Y = 1.964 years
Investment Y is a better choice based on payback method alone
Payback period is the amount of time required for an investment to generate cash flows to recoup its initial investment.
An investment is acceptable if its calculated payback is less than prescribed number of years for the said company.
Payback period suffer from some of the following disadvantages:
It ignore the time value of money
It determines to accept or reject projects on an ad hoc basis.
It ignore the cash flow beyond the cut-off period
Its biased against an long term project as compared to a short term.
Other methods such as NPV and IRR take into consideration the time value of money and risk involved in the project by discounting future cash flows.
a 10 year zero coupon bond that yield 5% is issued with a 1000 par value. w hat is the issuance price of the bond