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Chemistry

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Benzene has a vapor pressure of 100.0 Torr at 26°C. A nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte compound was added to 0.309 mol benzene at 26°C and the vapor pressure of the benzene in the solution decreased to 60.0 Torr. What amount (in moles) of solute molecules were added to the benzene?

My work:
100=.309P; P= 323.6Torr
Then plugged into dP=xP --> 40=x (323.6Torr) where x is found to be .1236
I then thought the difference of .309 mol and .1236 mol would be the answer (.1843 mol) but this is incorrect. I've tried different variations of this algebra but am not sure what is wrong

  • Chemistry - ,

    just cross multiply. Since the temperature is the same.
    x/100torr = .309/60torr

  • Chemistry - ,

    But if I cross multiply wouldnt it be .309/100 Torr since the pressure was 100 Torr when moles were .309. Once I solve for n, that is the amount of solute of Benzen--but I need the amount of solute molecules added. So to find that would I just find the difference in the moles Benzene to be my answer?

  • Chemistry - ,

    I think you're on the wrong track and you have added what you started with to what I gave you earlier and now you have them mixed up, I think.
    See if this makes sense?
    delta P = Xsolute*Posolvent
    delta P = 100-60 = 40
    40 = Xsolute*100
    Xsolute = 40/100 = 0.40
    So Xbenzene = 1.00 - 0.40 = 0.60

    The question is not for the mole fraction of the solute but for the moles.
    (moles benzene/total moles) = 0.60
    (0.309/total moles) = 0.60
    (0.309/0.60) = 0.515
    So if the total moles = 0.515
    and moles benzene = 0.309
    then moles solute = 0.515-0.309 = 0.206
    Check my method. Check my arithmetic.
    You can prove that this is right.
    If P normal benzene = 100 and
    we add the solute to make P benene solution = 60, then Xbenzene = 0.60 which is what we obtained usint the deota P formula.

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