Posted by April on Sunday, January 24, 2010 at 11:06pm.
A machine has four components, A, B, C, and D, set up in such a manner that all four parts must work for the machine to work properly. Assume the probability of one part working does not depend on the functionality of any of the other parts. Also assume that the probabilities of the individual parts working are P(A) = P(B) = 0.93, P(C) = 0.95, and P(D) = 0.92. Find the probability that the machine works properly.
My possible answers are:
.7559
.2441
.8217
.8128
I have tried and asked and no one is getting any of these. Help, please!

math  Dr Russ, Monday, January 25, 2010 at 6:31am
My understanding of your question means that you have a fault tree with 'machine unavailable' as the top event and the Boolean algebra expression for the top event being
A OR B OR C OR D
because failure of any one of the four components results in machine failure.
As an approximation (because it will be missing the AB components and therefore slightly too high  the probability of A OR B is [P(A)+P(B)P(A)*P(B)])
is 0.07+0.07+0.05+0.08 = 0.27, which is slightly high so the unavailability is likely to be the 0.2441 value, hence the probability that it is working is
10.2441 = 0.7559.
You will need to workout an exact value for your answer and the best way to do this is to sequentially use the [P(A)+P(B)P(A)*P(B)] expression. What I mean is combine A OR B, then combine the result of this with C and so on.

math  Dr Russ, Monday, January 25, 2010 at 7:29am
Just to confirm.
If you go through the maths steps as I indicated I got
0.2439854, so allowing for the occasion rounding error this is close to 0.2441.
Answer This Question
Related Questions
 Statistics  Half of a set of the parts are manufactured by machine A and half ...
 Quantitative, stastics and business  A company has three machines A, B and C ...
 discrete probability distribution (help please!)  a machine has 7 identical ...
 Elementary Statistics  A machine has 7 identical components which function ...
 stat  a machine has 7 identical components which function independently. the ...
 science  percentages: to use a machine,u must do the work on the machine called...
 Statistics  The production process of computer parts uses two machines one old...
 Physics  A machine is used to either do work or to convert energy. To find the ...
 Health Physics  A machine is used to either do work or to convert energy. To ...
 Health Physics  A machine is used to either do work or to convert energy. To ...
More Related Questions