Posted by eyvonne on .
Could someone please check over my homework to ensure if i did it correctly.
Checkpoint :Identifying Fallacies
For this checkpoint, you will only be using the following fallacies.
Ad hominem (inconsistency)
Begging the question
You must choose which category the statement is in and Explain why you think this fallacy exists in the example.
2. Letter to the editor: "Andrea Keene's selective morality is once again showing through in her July 15 letter. This time she expresses her abhorrence of abortion. But how we see only what we choose to see! I wonder if any of the anti abortionists have considered the widespread use of fertility drugs as the moral equivalent of abortion, and, if they have why they haven't come out against them, too. The use of these drugs frequently results in multiple births, which leads to the death of one of the infants, often after an agonizing struggle for survival. According to the rules of the pro-lifers, isn't this murder?
Ad hominem(inconsistency)> The reason why I believe this statement to be an ad hominem (inconsistency) is because the author is saying “ you too” should the anti abortionist speak on the fertility drugs.
3. In one of her columns, Abigail Van Buren printed the letter of "I'd rather be a widow."The letter writer, a divorcee, complained about widows who said they had a hard time coping. Far better, she wrote , to be a widow than to be a divorcee, who are all "rejects" who have been "publicly dumped" and are avoided " like they have leprosy." Abby recognized the pseudo reasoning for what it was, though she did not call it by our name. What is our name for it?
Ad hominem (inconsistency)> The reason why I believe this statement to be an ad hominem(inconsistency) is because the writer is basically saying that she would rather be a widow than a divorcee due to the embarrassment.
5. Letter to the editor: “Once again the Park Commission is considering closing North Park Drive for the sake of a few joggers and bicyclists. These so-called fitness enthusiasts would evidently have us give to them for their own private use every last square inch of Walnut Grove. Then anytime anyone wanted a picnic, he would have to park and carry everything in- ice chests, chairs, maybe even grandma. I certainly hope the commission keeps the entire park open for everyone to use."
Straw man> the reason why I believe that this is a straw man fallacy is because the writer exaggerates about carrying everything in – icechests, chairs maybe even grandma.
6." Some Christian - and other- groups are protesting against the placing, on federal property near the White house, of a set of plastic figurines representing a devout Jewish family in ancient Judea. The protesters would of course deny that they are driven by any anti-Semitic motivation. Still we wonder: Would they raise the same objections (of unconstitutionality, etc.) if the scene depicted a modern, secularized Gentile family?"
Begging the question> The reason why I believe this statement to be a begging the question fallacy is because the author is making a claim about Christians and their beliefs.
8. From a letter to the editor: “The counties of Michigan clearly need the ability to raise additional sources of revenue, not only to meet the demands of growth but also to maintain existing levels of service. For without these sources those demands will not be met, and it will be impossible to maintain services even at present levels."
Begging the question> the reason why I believe this statement is because the author is assuming that demands will not be met.
9. In February 1992, a representative of the Catholic Church in Puerto Rico gave a radio interview (broadcast on National public Radio) in which he said that the Church was against the use of condoms. Even though the rate of AIDS infection in Puerto Rico is much higher than on the U.S. mainland, the spokesman said that the Church could not support the use of condoms because they are not absolutely reliable in preventing a person from contracting AIDS, then the Church could support their use."
False dilemma> The reason why I believe this excerpt to be false dilemma is because the author is not considering that condoms can prevent an individual from contracting AIDS
It's the Straw Man fallacy.
The Catholic Church is not against condoms because of their inability to prevent disease, it is against them because of their ability to prevent pregnancy.
He is correct that condoms aren't 100% effective in preventing AIDS, but he dissembles by saying that this is relevant to the Church being against their use.
It is a straw man argument because even if you were to knock that one down, they'd put up another one anyway.