Posted by Anna on Monday, January 11, 2010 at 9:27pm.
Unlike English, most descriptive adjectives in French follow the noun they modify. Some short descriptigve adjectives that usually precede the noun are:
beau, bon, court, gentil, grand, gros, jeune, joli, long, mauvais, nouveau, petit, vieux, vilain
those are only the masculine singular forms, but don't forget an adjective modifies the noun(s) in gender (masculine or feminine) and in number (singular or plural.)
Other common adjectives that precede the noun are: autre, chaque, dernier, plusieurs, premier, quelque, quelques, tel, tout
The adjecive "tout" precedes the definite article:
toute la maison
tous les animaux
Certain French adjectives have TWO or more meanings. In their usual position, AFTER the noun, they have their literal meaning. BEFORE the noun, they ave a different meaning.
un ancien livre = an old (ancient) book
une ancienne coutume = a former custom
un garçon brave = a brave boy
un brave garçon = a fine (good, worthy) boy
une étoffe chère = an expensive material
un cher ami = a dear friend (esteemed, cherished)
la semaine dernière = last week (just passed)
la dernière semaine = the last week (of a series)
un auteur méchant = a spiteful (wicked, vicious, ill-natured) author
un méchant auteur = a bad (pitiful, inept) author
un méchant garçon = a bad (naughty) boy
la chose même = the very thing
la même chose = the same thing
mes gants propres = my clean gloves
mes propres gants = my own gloves
un homme seul = a man alone, a single man (by himself)
le seul homme = the only man
If you keep these lists, adjectives will be easier!
Sra (aka Mme)
thanks Sra, your notes helped me understand about adjectives much more better. I'm going to keep these notes with me forever.
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