Friday
August 22, 2014

Homework Help: German rules for JJ

Posted by E.G. on Thursday, December 31, 2009 at 4:26pm.

Many of your questions had to do with CASES; in German there are three genders (masculine, feminine and neutral) and the CASES for them are as follows:
MASCULINE:
nominative - DER Vater ist groß
the father is big
genitive - der Hut DES Vaters ist neu
the father's hat is new
accusative - ich spreche mit DEM Vater
I speak with the father
dative - ich sehe DEN Vater
I see the father

FEMININE:
nominative - DIE Mutter ist schön
the mother is beautiful
genitive - das Kleid DER Mutter ist rot
the mother's dress is red
accusative - ich spreche mit DER Mutter
I speak with the mother
dative - ich sehe DIE Mutter
I see the mother

NEUTRAL:
nominative - DAS Kind ist klein
the child is small
genitive - die Puppe DES Kindes ist neu
the child's doll is new
accusative - ich spiele mit DEM Kind
I play with the child
dative - ich sehe DAS Kind
I see the child

The PLURAL - is the same for all genders:

nominative - DIE Väter sind groß
DIE Mütter sind schön
DIE Kinder sind brav

genitive - die Hüte DER Väter
die Kleider DER Mütter
die Puppen DER Kinder

accusative- ich spreche mit DEN Vätern
ich spreche mit DEN Müttern
ich spreche mit DEN Kindern

dative - ich sehe DIE Väter
ich sehe DIE Mütter
ich sehe DIE Kinder

I hope that helps a bit.

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