April 17, 2015

Homework Help: physics

Posted by Jake on Wednesday, December 23, 2009 at 8:53pm.

i posted this earlier but am now stuck on getting through the algebra

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

13) (II) At what distance from the Earth will a spacecraft on the way to the Moon experiance zero net force due to these two bodies becasue the Earth and Moon pull with equal and opposite forces?

2. Relevant equations

NET F = ma
G = 6.67 E-11 (Nm^2)/kg^2
Fg = (GmM)/r^2
Mass Moon = 7.35 E 22 kg
Mass Earth = 5.98 E 24 Kg
r Earth to Moon = 384,403,000 m

3. The attempt at a solution

Apply Newton's s second law in the radial direction

NET F = m_craft( a_radial) = Fg moon = Fg Earth = 0
= (G m_craft m_moon)/(384,403,000 m - r)^2 = (G m_craft m_Earth)/r^2

m_craft cancels
G cancels

m_moon/(384,403,000 m - r)^2 = m_Earth/r^2

m_moon/((384,403,000 m)^2- r^2) = m_Earth/r^2

raise both sides to negative one power

((384,403,000 m)^2- r^2)/m_moon = r^2/m_Earth

multiply both sides by m_Earth

m_Earth( (384,403,000 m)^2 - r^2 )/m_moon = r^2


( m_Earth(384,403,000 m)^2 - m_Earth(r^2) )/m_moon = r^2

simplify further

(m_Earth * (384,403,000 m)^2)/m_moon - (m_Earth (r^2) )/m_moon = r^2

add (m_Earth (r^2) )/m_moon to both sides

(m_Earth * (384,403,000 m)^2)/m_moon = (m_Earth (r^2) )/m_moon + r^2

I don't know were to go from here...

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