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April 17, 2014

April 17, 2014

Posted by **sh** on Tuesday, December 1, 2009 at 11:18pm.

I tried to draw a diagram, but I don't understand where the 5m is, the height of the lamppost? Is the question asking for the derivative of the speed?

- Calculus -
**Reiny**, Tuesday, December 1, 2009 at 11:33pmdraw a lamppost, vertical line, and label it 5 m high (we assusme the light is at the top of the lamppost)

draw a horizontal line, the sidewalk? , and draw the man , vertical line, somewhere on the sidwalk.

Join the top of the lamppost to the man's head and continue until you hit the sidewalk.

label the distance between the post and the man as y, label the length of his shadow x

we are given dy/dt as 1.5 m/s, we are to find dx/dt when y = 10 m

I see to right-angled triangles, with a smaller inside a larger.

By similar triangles:

5/(x+y) = 2/x

cross-multiply, ...

5x = 2x + 2y

3x = 2y

differentiate with respect to t

3dx/dt = 2dy/dt

dx/dt = 2(1.5)/3 = 1 m/s

Notice we did not need the 10 m, there was no place to sub it in.

We have shown that the man's shadow is growing at a constant rate of 1 m/s, no matter where he is.

Be careful with this question.

Had it asked "how fast is the man's shadow moving", we would have to add the man's speed to the 1 m/s for a speed of 2.5 m/s.

- Calculus -
**Reiny**, Tuesday, December 1, 2009 at 11:41pmMy goodness!

I just noticed that I typed "to" instead of "two" in "I see to right-angled triangles ..."

- Calculus -
**sh**, Tuesday, December 1, 2009 at 11:45pmThank you so much for clearing it up showing the steps crystal clear. How do you know that 1.5m/s is dy/dt?

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