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March 25, 2017

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What is the minimum wavelength of light that can promote an electron from the valence band to the conduction band in silicon?

  • Chemistry - ,

    Here is a site that lists the energy gap between the valence band and the conduction band.

    http://www-inst.eecs.berkeley.edu/~ee130/fa07/lectures/Semiconductor_fundamentals_lec1.pdf

    For Si that is 1.12 eV. convert that to wavelength.
    1 eV = 1.6 x 10^-19 joules and
    E = hc/lambda
    Plug in 1 eV (in joules) for E, h is Planck's constant, c is the speed of light at 3.0 x 10^8 m/s, and lambda is what you calculate. Post your work if you get stuck.

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