The first site gives good descriptions of all of the parts of speech.
The definition of preposition is difficult to understand. I suggest you keep a list of the common prepositions handy. Then learn to recognize prepositional phrases; they start with a preposition and end with a noun or pronoun.
by the back door
from Harry and Peggy
under the rose bush
toward a strange woman
Here's a list of prepositions:
The best way to understand what prepositions are is simply to memorize the words. Fortunately that's pretty easy!
Notice all the words in blue in the quoted paragraph.
Here's another article that explains them well: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/prepositions.htm
Mainly pay attention to the words in the first paragraph.
This should help with various types of words that you've been assigned to identify.
And another: http://www.leasttern.com/Grammar/humbuggrammar.html
And yet another: http://www.chompchomp.com/terms.htm
Thank you so much!
A quick suggestion about prepositions.
I used to tell my student, "Any word that shows the relationship between a rabbit and a hill." Examples:
the rabbit "on" the hill, "by" the hill, "near" the hill, "below" the hill, "under" the hill. etc.
This is just a little "trick" that helps remember.
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