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February 5, 2016

# Homework Help: arithmetic

Posted by Gemini on Monday, October 19, 2009 at 6:29am.

I have a Q that im trying to solve:
it says: the 1st , 2nd, and 3rd term of a geo. sequence is the same as the 1st, 7th and 9th terms of an arith. sequence.: I have to find the common ratio.

So i know: a+8d = a(r^2) (1)
a+6d = ar (2)

but i don't know how to solve this simulataneously! if I divide 1 with 2 i get r = (a+8d) / (a+6d) don't knwo how I should solve it.. iknow the answer is (1/3) in the book. please help.
• arithmetic - Reiny, Monday, October 19, 2009 at 8:42am

ok, let's call your first result of
r = (a+8d) / (a+6d) #1 equation

You could also subtract the two equations to get
ar^2 - ar = 2d
r^2 - r = 2d/a let's call that #2

Here is where it gets messy...
sub #1 into #2
(a+8d)^2/(a+6d)^2 - (a+8d)/(a+6d) = 2d/a
finding a common denominator of (a+6d)^2 and simpifying the left side, I got
divide both sides by 2d

(a+8d)/(a+6d)^2 = 1/a
Cross-multiply and simplify to get
d(9d + a) = 0
d = 0 (the arithmetic sequence would not change) OR
d = -9a
back into #1
r = (a+8d)/(a+6d)
= (-9d + 8d)/(-9d + 6d)
= -d/-3d
= 1/3