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Potassium nitrate decomposes on heating, producing potassium oxide and gaseous nitrogen and oxygen:
4KNO3(s)--> 2K2O(s) + 2N2(g) + 5O2(g)
To produce 56.6 kg of oxygen, how many (a) moles of KNO3 must be heated? (b) Grams of KNO3 must must heated?

  • Chemistry - ,

    First, I don't believe for a minute that KNO3 decomposes on heating to produce K2O, N2 and O2; however, we can calculate whatever we wish.
    Convert 56.6 kg oxygen to moles. Moles = grams/molar mass.

    Using the coefficients in the balanced equation, convert moles oxygen to moles KNO3. That's part a.

    For part b, convert moles KNO3 to grams. grams = moles x molar mass.

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