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August 29, 2014

August 29, 2014

Posted by **Anonymous** on Saturday, September 26, 2009 at 12:57pm.

- physics -
**MathMate**, Saturday, September 26, 2009 at 6:39pmThe key to solving this kind of problems is to find the net force acting on the block, free of weight (mg) and frictional forces.

Consider forces acting on the block along the horizontal and vertical directions.

Let

force applied on the block, F = 77.9 N

angle with horizontal, θ = 71.5°

Coeff. of kinetic friction, μk=0.574

mass of block, m = 5.55 kg

acceleration due to gravity, g = 9.80

Normal reaction on the block from the ceiling, N

Let's sum forces in the vertical direction first:

upward component of force - weight = 0

Fsinθ - mg - N= 0

from which N can be found.

Consider horizontal forces, positive in direction of F.

net horizontal force, H = Fcosθ - μN

Using Force = mass * acceleration, we conclude that the horizontal acceleration of the block is given by

H = ma

where a= acceleration in the direction of H.

Can you substitute the numbers and work out the answer?

- physics -
**Anonymous**, Sunday, September 27, 2009 at 3:07pm77.9Nsin71.5 - (5.55kg)(9.8m/s^2) - N = 0

N = 19.5N

H = 77.9cos71.5 - (0.574)(19.5N)= 13.5N

a = 13.53 N/5.55 kg = 2.44 m/s^2

- physics -
**MathMate**, Sunday, September 27, 2009 at 3:25pmCorrect!

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