Posted by scooby9132002 on Friday, July 31, 2009 at 2:08pm.
13. Healthy Foods, Inc. sells 50pound bags of grapes to the military for $10 a bag.
The fixed costs of this operation are $80,000, while the variable costs of the
Grapes are $.10 per pound.
a. What is the breakeven point in bags?
8,000 bags
b. Calculate the profit or loss on 12,000 bags and on 25,000 bags.
12,000 x $10 = 120,000
80,000 + .10 x 50lbs x 12,000 = 80,000 + 60,000 = 140,000
120,000 – 140,000 = 20,000 loss
25,000 x $10 = 250,000
80,000 + .10 x 50lb x 25000 = 80,000 + 125000 = 205,000
250,000 – 205,000 = 45,000 profit
c. What is the degree of operating leverage at 20,000 bags and at 25,000 bags?
20,000 bags DOL = 4.6 25,000 bags DOL = 5.0
Why does the degree of operating leverage change as the quantity sold
Increases?
To measure the business risk the DOL measures the EBIT’s percentage change to the level of output by one percent.
d. If Healthy Foods has an annual interest expense of $10,000, calculate the degree of financial leverage at both 20,000 and 25,000 bags.
20,000 bags x $10 = 200,000  $10,000 = 190,000 – 80,000 = 110,000
25,000 bags x $10 = 250,000  $10,000 = 240,000 – 80,000 = 160,000
e. What is the degree of combined leverage at both sales levels?
I am not sure how to do E. can you please help me.. thank you

i needhelp with e and i want to know if i am right  bobpursley, Friday, July 31, 2009 at 2:17pm
I don't know e, but I know a and b don't make sense. If you loose money on 12,000 bags, and make money on 20,000 bags, then your breakeven point is not 8,000 bags.

i needhelp with e and i want to know if i am right  drwls, Friday, July 31, 2009 at 4:49pm
I already answered (a) for you, yesterday. Bob Pursley is correct.
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