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I did an experiment on Buffers:

In a polystyrene beaker, mix 20 ml of 0.1M Acetic acid ad 25 ml of 0.1 M sodium acetate and immediately measure the pH. Remove the electrode and add 5 ml of 0.1 M HCL to this buffer. Stir the solution and measure the pH.

This is my data:

Conc.of acetic acid 0.1 M- volume 20mL
Conc.of sodium acetate 0.1M-volume 25ml
Conc. of Hydrochloric acid 0.1M-volume 5 ml

Buffer Solution- pH measured- 4.65
pH calculated ?

Buffer solution + HCL -pH measured- 4.43
pH calculated-?

A. So basically i need to show calculation for the calculated pH before the addition of HCl

B. Show the calculations for the calculated pH after the addition of HCl

  • Chemistry -

    The equilibrium in both mixtures is:
    HC2H3O2(aq) <=> H+(aq) + C2H3O2^-(aq)

    For the first mixture use the Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation to get the pH:
    pH = pKa + log{[C2H3O2^-]/[HC2H3O2]}
    NOTE: [C2H3O2^-] = molarity of NaC2H3O2
    pH = pKa + log{1}

    In the second mixture, reaction between HCl and NaC2H3O2 converts half of the C2H3O2- ions to acid, HC2H3O2, so,
    pH = pKa + log{1/2}

    Look up the pKa of HC2H3O2 and complete the calculations

  • Chemistry -

    only to correct that conce of acetate is not equal to that of acetic acid molatrity of HC2H3O2=2 molarity of NaC2H3O2=2.5 so pH=pKa+log2/2.5 . =pKa+log0.8

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