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Posted by on Sunday, June 14, 2009 at 9:31pm.

I took out the Latin Rosetta Stone from the library and im at the end of lesson 11 these 2 picture are confusing me bc of the endings. One picture has a girl with short hair, the other a boy w short hair. For girl it says "Femina capillos breves habet" boy it says "Vir capillos brevissimos habet" For the long haired one its the same sentence except it says "promissos". It doesnt have a different ending for the long haired boy and girl as it does for the latin short haired. None of the noun endings for latin is "imos" or "es" either. SO why isnt the word the same for both??? can someone plz explain...

  • Latin - , Monday, June 15, 2009 at 5:18am

    "Femina capillos breves habet."
    The woman has short hair.

    "Vir capillos brevissimos habet."
    The man has the shortest hair.
    (Or -- The man has very short hair.)

    "promissos" modifying "capillos" means that the hair is long (allowed to grow).

    The words "breves" and "brevissimos" and "promissos" are all adjectives that are in the accusative plural to modify (match) the direct object, "capillos."

    They seem to be giving you similar but not identical sentences:
    **Subject is nominative singular (femina, vir).
    **Direct object is accusative plural (capillos).
    **Verb is 3rd person singular present (habet).
    **BUT the adjectives are slightly different:
    ~~ "breves" is a positive, 3rd declension, accusative plural to modify "capillos"
    ~~ "brevissimos" is a superlative, accusative plural to modify "capillos" (Note that all superlatives have 1st and 2nd declension endings, even if the positive is in 3rd declension.)
    ~~ "promissos" is a positive, 1st/2nd declension, accusative plural to modofy "capillos"

  • Latin - , Monday, June 15, 2009 at 1:56pm

    what do you mean by its postive? can it be negative?
    so if "imos" is added to the ending of a word that just is like saying "very" ?

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