The person who is rational and guilty is sane and knows that what s/he is doing is wrong.
Guilty, but insane, is a rarely used defense or verdict. Apparently the court has some doubts about whether the person knew right from wrong because of his/her mental condition. This site has more information.
Not guilty by reason of insanity means that the person had no idea of the difference between right and wrong.
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Rational and Guilty: The person committing the crime was not suffering from a mental illness at the time the crime was committed and knew the difference between right and wrong and are did committ the crime that they are being accused of.
Guilty but insane: The person is sentenced the same as a person who is found guilty of a crime without being insane. The term means that the person was suffering from a mental illness at the time the crime was committed, but the mental illness was is not sever enough to keep them from serving the time for the crime that they committed. This person will receive psychological help until they are considered "cured" and then sent to a prison to serve the remainder of their sentence.
Not guilty by reason of Insanity: The person is not able to recognize the quailty or nature of the act committed and if they are then they are not capable of knowing the difference between right and wrong. They are sent to a mental health facility to receive psychological help and then released once they are cured.
give me the assignment for schizophrenia case study. and address the following question in your response.1. what are the symptoms displayed by the client? what is his diagnosis?