April 25, 2015

Homework Help: English - Research Report

Posted by jennifer on Wednesday, April 29, 2009 at 12:08pm.

Typhoons in the Philippines: Durian
(Our English teacher said something about the thesis statement, and I know what that is, except that she told us to put the thesis statement in our title? So does that mean we include it, or is our thesis statement our title?)

Typhoons in the Philippines (Subheading)
The Philippines is the country that experiences the most typhoons, at an average of 20 typhoons per year. Typhoons usually strike between June and December in the Philippines. Much of these cyclones are started at the Pacific Ocean near the Carolines-Marianas Islands, and at South China Sea. Luzon, eastern Visayas and Bicol regions suffer the most from these typhoons. The country is generally hit by strong storms with fast winds; only 19% of them recorded wind speed less than 63 kph, which is already a signal-two storm. From 1986 to 1990, more than 80 tropical cyclones hit the Philippines (Paterno 18).

Power of the Durian
The strongest typhoon that has ever hit the Philippines was Typhoon Reming, also known as Typhoon Durian. The typhoon was named after a huge, spiky, smelly Southeast Asian fruit (Mehta). It struck the Philippines from November 26 to December 1, 2006. Bicol, Calabarzon, Marinduque, and Mindoro have been seriously affected by the Durian. Its wind speed was as fast as 320 km per hour, as measured in Virac, a town in Catanduanes City (Alojado). Typhoon Durian falls under the category of super-typhoon, which has at least 150 mi per hour of wind. Even so, it is still the third worst typhoon in the Philippines, because less people died from it than two others.

Damages Done by the Durian
754 lives were sacrificed during the six days of Typhoon Durian. More than five billion pesos worth damage was done (Alojado). Houses and vehicles were blown away, trees were uprooted, and power and water was cut. School closed. Even though warnings were given to the residents several days beforehand, the government had to evacuate 2500 residents to safer parts of the province such as Naga and Legazpi (Ranoco). In the Albay province, 90% of the schools collapsed. ¡°Education for the nearly 1 million children in areas hit by Reming was at risk¡± (Ruiz). UNICEF provided these areas stationery and school tents (Ruiz) while countries such as Australia, Japan and Canada sent condolences that added up to almost two million dollars (¡°Red Cross¡±).

Side Effects
Typhoon Durian was hazardous enough itself, but it led to even worse disasters such as the mudslide at Mayon Volcano in Albay province. This mudslide caused the majority of the deaths during the typhoon. The Philippine National Red Cross sent rescue parties and supplies to dig up the buried villages, but as they feared, there were no survivors. Bodies were buried five feet deep, and some were swept away in the ocean to nearby provinces. Sometimes, they could only find body parts (¡°Red Cross¡±). ¡°Every corner of this province has been hit. It is a total devastation,¡± Albay Gov. Fernando Gonzalez said. ¡°Never before in the history have we seen water like this. Almost every residential area was flooded¡± (¡°Red Cross¡±).
Recovery and Rescuing
On December 3, President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo declared a ¡°state of national calamity¡± to use more government fund to help out the recovery of the disaster. ¡°We are no strangers to this kind of tragedy, and we have always been able to recover and become stronger,¡± she said. President Arroyo gave out more directions to reduce such damages in the future: ¡°she instructed the Department of Environment to step up a project to map all hazardous areas, like Mayon, to warn communities of possible dangers¡± (¡°Hopes Vanish¡±). However, the rescue party was not at all successful. According to Wangyu Abiera of a search-and-rescue team, the buried villages were so densely packed with sand that air could not reach inside (¡°Hopes Vanish¡±). The Philippine National Red Cross has evacuated 40000 families and has prepared brief funerals for those who have died during the mudslide. Health Secretary Francisco Duque has also announced the surviving residents of nearby villages to pay attention to hygiene and their drinking water from wells to prevent cholera and diarrhea (Conde).

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