Posted by tomi on Wednesday, April 15, 2009 at 5:23pm.
Calculate [H3O] in the following solutions.
a)4.0×10−2M HCl and 8.0×10−2M HOCl
b)0.105M NaNO2 and 5.00×10−2M HNO2
c)5.15x102M HCl and 7.62x102M NaC2H3O2

chemistry  DrBob222, Wednesday, April 15, 2009 at 5:42pm
I would do the following:
a) This is a weak acid an a strong acid. I would calculate the Cl^ from HOCl with a common ion of H^+ from HCl, and recognize that (Cl^) = (H^+) from HOCl. Then determine the H^+ from HCl, and add the two H^+ together.
b)This is a common ion problem or you can use the HendersonHasselbalch equation.
c)HCl + NaC2H3O2. It appears there is an excess of H^+ which will react with NaC2H3O2 to form HC2H3O2. That gives you a buffer of C2H3O2 and HC2H3O2 and you use the HH equation to solve for pH.
Post your work if you get stuck.
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